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The History of Pencak Silat, The Original Indonesian Martial Arts

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Monday, March 7 2022 – 17:18 WIB

VIVA – The history of pencak silat, everyone must have heard of pencak silat and the history of pencak silat in Indonesia, even pencak silat has now penetrated the international world, Pencak silat is a type of self-purchase art that has been widely taught for a long time and persists until now, if abroad there is Kung Fu, Karate and Boxing.

However, Indonesia has a local martial art called pencak silat or what is often called silat, Pencak silat is an original martial art from Indonesia, especially after being determined by UNESCO as an intangible cultural heritage through the 14th session of the Intergovernmental Committee For The Safeguarding Of The Intangible Cultural heritage.

The trial took place in Bogota, Colombia, December 9-14 2019. Besides being known in Indonesia, pencak silat is also known in a number of Southeast Asian countries. Call it like the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam, Singapore, and also in Thailand.

As quoted from Book Publisher Deepublish Regarding the history and understanding of pencak silat, before discussing the history of pencak silat, first know the meaning of this typical Indonesian martial art. Etymologically or from the origin of the word, pencak silat consists of two words. The first is the word “pencak” which means basic martial arts movements that are bound by a rule.

Second, is the word “silat” which means a perfect self-defense movement that comes from spirituality. Pencak silat can then generally be defined as a martial art in which every movement follows or is bound by special rules.

In addition to the general understanding above, the notion of pencak silat was also put forward by the Executive Board of IPSI (Indonesian Pencak Silat Association). Where is defined as the result of human culture in Indonesia to defend, then maintain its existence (independence) and integrity (manunggal) for the surrounding environment in order to achieve harmony in life in increasing faith & piety to God Almighty.

Meanwhile, if you look at the KBBI (Big Indonesian Dictionary), pencak silat has the meaning of a game (skill) in self-defense with the ability to fend off, attack and defend oneself using or without weapons. Because the moves are not only done with bare hands, but can also be done with certain types of weapons.

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