Berlin, a metropolitan city in the heart of Europe which is the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. Berlin is located in northeastern Germany and is the center of the Berlin-Bradenburg Metropolitan area. Berlin has a population of about 4.5 million people from more than 180 countries in the world. Apart from being the capital of Germany, Berlin is also the center of European Union political activity. In addition, Berlin is also the center of economic, cultural, educational, political and scientific activities in Germany. The city of Berlin is filled with various magnificent buildings of historical heritage and amazing modern civilization. It seems, it’s no exaggeration if Berlin has been named a luxurious and romantic metropolis as well as a tourist spot in Europe that is most visited by world tourists.
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Berlin Tour List
Berlin is visited by many tourists from all over the world thanks to the charm of the city which is very diverse, especially in terms of history, art and culture. Tourists will be spoiled with many world-class museums, castles, art galleries, clubs and shopping centers that can satisfy your holiday experience. The following is a list of tourist attractions in Berlin:
- Berlin Wall
This is a landmark of the city of Berlin as well as a historical heritage that is very famous throughout the world. The Berlin Wall is a concrete barrier wall built by the government of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) long ago to separate West Berlin and East Berlin. This wall began to be built on August 13, 1961 and was accompanied by the construction of a guard tower along the side of the wall which was filled with anti-vehicle territory. East Germany stated that this wall was built to protect its citizens from fascist elements that could trigger an uprising movement, so that the East German government could establish a communist system in East Germany.
This wall is very historic because it is a silent witness to the number of East German residents who died while trying to cross this wall to flee to West Germany because they could not stand the cruel government. This wall has now been torn down and the remains of the ruins have become a historical landmark of the city of Berlin.
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- Museum Island
Museum Island is the name of an area north of the Spress river in the city of Berlin. Uniquely, this island area has 5 museums which were built in 1823 and 1830. The history of the establishment of these museums is thanks to the advice of an archaeologist named Aloys Hirt. In 1822, the design of this museum began to be built by Schinkle and the collections of this museum were supervised by Wilhelm von Humboldt.
By King Frederick William IV of Prussia, this area was later dedicated as the center of the arts and sciences of the German state. These museums have thousands of very complete collections of art, archeology and cultural heritage. Today, the museum is managed by the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation with a branch office in Berlin.
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Grunewald is a very green and beautiful city park in Berlin. Built on an area of 3000 hectares, the park is located on the west side of Berlin and is separated by the Havel River. When visiting this beautiful area, tourists will be amazed by the green groves of trees that are arranged so neatly but still create a natural impression. Besides being lush with trees, this area is also filled with public open arenas that can be used for sports, picnics with family or friends, children’s playgrounds, and even street art and culture performances.
The Grunewald landscape is characterized by the Renaissance style so that the classic European feel is strongly felt in the design of the buildings inside. A must visit if you come to Berlin and want to see the beautiful natural nuances while being surrounded by classic magnificent buildings.
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4. Jewish Museum
As the name implies, the Jewish Museum or Jewish Museum is one of the largest Jewish museums in Europe. Don’t miss the rare opportunity and experience to visit this museum and learn more about Jewish history in Germany. This museum will enrich your knowledge of Jewish history in Germany. If you are familiar with history, you will know about the Nazis and their sadism towards the Jews in Germany in the past.
There are many things that will take your breath away and perhaps your emotions will also fluctuate as you explore the collections of this museum and witness the history of the Jews in Germany over a period of 2,000 years. This museum was opened in 2001 and is open for anyone to visit.
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The Reichstag is the German parliament building located near the center of Berlin. This building was completed in 1894, where the funds for the construction of this building were obtained from the victory of Germany against France. The building continued to undergo renovations and restorations until it was finally completed in 1999. The Reichstag is a magnificent old Renaissance-style building designed by Paul Wallot with the approval of the German parliament through a decree issued. In line with the progress of the times, the renovation of this building underwent many changes while still maintaining the original building framework.
This building is magnificent and has a glass dome and an elevator to make it easier for workers to access the entire building. This building is very famous and has become one of the landmarks of the city of Berlin, even world musicians such as Pink Floyd, David Bowie and Michael Jackson had time to perform a concert in this Reichstag courtyard.
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- Brandenburg Gate
This location is a very historic location for the country of Germany. Yes, the Brandenburgh Gate is a gate representing the symbol of Germany’s victory and is currently also used as a symbol of the city of Berlin. This gate is located on Pariser Platz and was originally built as a symbol of peace after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the division of East and West Germany. The Brandenburgh Gate building has a train icon at the top. Previously, the train was brought to France during the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte. However, the train was brought back to Germany after France lost its war against Germany.
This train is special to the German people because they believe that the statue of the goddess who rides this train, Victoria, is a representation of the goddess of victory. Currently, the statue of the goddess Victoria driving the train has been reshaped so that its head faces the French Embassy as a symbol of the first victory over France. Unique isn’t it?
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- Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe (Holocaust Memorial)
As the name implies, this place was built by the German government for European Jews who were massacred by sadistic Nazi soldiers in the past. This monument was built on an area of 19,000 square meters and is currently visited by millions of people from all over the world who make pilgrimages, pray or just want to know the dark story behind the massacre of the Jews in the past. The Holocaust Memorial was completed in 2004 and officially opened in May 2005.
The Holocaust Memorial has a row of 2,771 gray gravestones lined up in a straight line. Uniquely, none of the plain tombstones has a height there. You can make a visit to the Holocaust Memorial part of your Berlin itinerary while you are in the heart of the historical Jewish civilization of Europe.
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- Berlin Cathedral
Berlin Cathedral or better known as the Berliner Dom is a church building as well as the largest Protestant Christian church in Berlin. Construction of this cathedral began in 1465. Guess how long it took to complete the construction of this cathedral? Don’t be surprised, this cathedral was only completed 440 years later in 1905 to be exact! This cathedral is very majestic, large and graceful with a typical old classic Renaissance style building.
When the second world war occurred, this cathedral had suffered severe damage. However, in 1993 the cathedral was restored and became one of the most iconic historical buildings in Germany. This cathedral is a masterpiece of Kaiserzeit architects and is located in Mitte, Berlin.
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- Charlottenburg Palace
Charlottenburgh Palace is a beautiful and luxurious palace building in Berlin and symbolizes the splendor of the ancient Prussian empire. When it was first built, Charlottenburg Palace was just a small palace garden. But over time, this place continues to be built until its current area reaches 505 square meters. Today, the Charlottenburg Palace is the largest palace building in Germany. The building was built in the late 17th century and its expansion was completed in the 18th century. The palace has an exotic décor with a mix of classic Baroque and Renaissance style architecture. In the courtyard behind the palace, there is a large garden surrounded by forest, a theatre, pavilions, mausoleums, and beautiful corridors.
During the 2nd world war, the palace was badly damaged but has now been successfully reconstructed. This palace is a major tourist attraction in Germany. The best time to visit this palace is in the summer when you can feel the thrill of sunbathing in the palace’s shady gardens.
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The Siegessaule is a monument that was built as a symbol of the victory of the ancient German kingdom in the war against Denmark. This building was built in 1864 and inaugurated in September 1873. When this building was about to be inaugurated, Germany also won the war against France and Austria. This victory monument is very majestic and is characterized by a very monumental classical ancient building and is a symbol of the pride of the city of Berlin in particular. On the top of the tower, there is a statue of a goddess named Lizzy.
This goddess is the exact same goddess figure as the one above the Brandenburgh gate. Berlin is indeed very thick with historical nuances and relics of classical buildings so that for tourists who like history and culture, Berlin is a tourist city paradise for science and their interest in the history and culture of Europe’s past.
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- Pergamon Museum
Another must-visit museum in Berlin is the Pergamon Museum. This museum is unique and a little quirky because it is in the form of a cave whose contents are a collection of items that are claimed to be Aladdin’s treasures from ancient times when Europe was in the period of exploring the continent to Asia. In this museum, there are many artistic monuments from the Roman, Babylonian, Greek and Middle Eastern periods that are very stunning and make your knowledge of history increase.
The statues and collections of monuments in this museum are the result of a search for German archaeologists in the 20th century who combined classic and modern nuances at one time. It’s really unique and a pity to miss.
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- Kurfürstendamm and Scheunenviertel
It’s incomplete if you come to Berlin but don’t take the time to stop at Kurfürstendamm and Scheunenviertel. For those of you who like shopping and love luxury goods, Kurfürstendamm and Scheunenviertel are heaven. Along the streets of the Kurfürstendamm and Scheunenviertel areas there are rows of boutiques ranging from local boutiques to world-class boutiques are here. The atmosphere of Kurfürstendamm and Scheunenviertel is very leafy, calm and at night very romantic with a sprinkling of charming street lights.
Don’t miss to just stop by here and feel the atmosphere of a quiet and serene shopping center row. This place is almost like a tourist spot in the Netherlands which also has many shopping centers.
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Thus a review of several tourist attractions in Berlin that have become iconic as well as the most famous to be included in your holiday destination to Germany. Happy Holidays!