Indonesia is indeed known as a country that saves natural beauty, history, and culture. One of the organizations established by the United Nations, namely UNESCO, has designated various regions in Indonesia as world heritage which symbolizes these three significances.
World Heritage Site (World Heritage Center) which is recognized by UNESCO shows the beauty of nature, culture, and objects whose existence reflects history and humankind. These sites should be preserved because they are an important legacy for future generations.
Find out, come onAnything UNESCO-recognized tourist area in Indonesia as a world heritage site. This area has been designated as a tourist spot. you knowso it can be an attractive vacation destination!
1. Ombilin Coal Mine, West Sumatra
The Ombilin Coal Mine, located in West Sumatra, is the first underground coal mine in Indonesia, as well as the oldest coal mine in Southeast Asia. The mine, which is referred to as a tourist spot, was recently recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site, exactly 3 years ago in 2019.
The mine was chosen by UNEESCO as a world heritage because of the many events that took place in it. One of them involves the struggle of humans during the colonial period witnessed by the monks. The history of humanity is also described through the types of buildings, architectural styles, works, and the combination of technology in the construction of the mine.
2. Sumatran Tropical Rainforest
This Sumatran Tropical Rain Forest consists of 3 national parks, namely Bukit Barisan Selatan, Gunung Leuser, and Kerinci Seblat. It was officially recognized by UNESCO in 2004 as a world heritage site, but this tourist spot includes World Heritage in Danger or the site is threatened, because its animals have been hunted en masse and forest fires have occurred.
This miracle of the Sumatran Tropical Rain Forest is also judged by its abundant flora and fauna, for example, the Semar and Rafflesia bags. Launching from Traveloka, there are about 10,000 species of plants and 200 species of animals that live in the National Park.
3. Sangiran Archaeological Site, Central Java
Sangiran Archaeological Site which is known as Early Man Site located in Sragen Regency, Central Java. This artificial site in Indonesia is the largest and most important ancient human site in the world.
UNESCO placed this tourist spot as a world heritage site in 1996 because it provides an understanding of the history of human evolution which includes physical, environmental and cultural evolution.
This site also stores various kinds of ancient fossils, ranging from ancient human fossils to ancient animals. So, it is also the center of civilization that provides clues about the history of the formation of humans since 150,000 years ago.
4. Borobudur Temple, Central Java
Borobudur Temple was recognized as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1991. As the largest temple in the world, Borobudur Temple consists of 1,460 reliefs and 504 stupas which were built in 800 AD during the Syailendra dynasty.
UNESCO assesses Borobudur Temple as a world heritage site because of 3 criteria: the temple consists of a domed crown, in the shape of a lotus which was sacred by Buddhists and symbolizes the art of Indonesian architecture, from the 8th to the 9th centuries.
5. Prambanan Temple, Central Java
Prambanan Temple is one of the temples that attracts tourists from all over the world. The temple, which is located on the border between the provinces of Yogyakarta and Central Java, was recognized as a world heritage by UNESCO in 1991.
The building of the temple follows the architecture of Hinduism, which shows Lord Shiva as the main temple with a height of up to 47 meters. Due to the earthquake that occurred in Yogyakarta in 2006, the temple building was badly damaged and had to be renovated several times.
6. Komodo National Park, East Nusa Tenggara
Komodo National Park is recognized as a world heritage site by UNESCO for the natural beauty and aesthetics of the island, as well as the phenomenon of the rare Komodo dragon. Before being recognized by UNESCO, Komodo National Park was also recognized by the Biosphere as a Human Reserve in 1997.
Komodo National Park consists of three giant islands with a land area of up to 173,300 ha, namely Padar Island, Komodo Island, Rinca Island, and is supported by other small islands.
7. Ujung Kulon National Park, Banten
Indonesia is known to have several conservation areas that are used as tourism locations. One of them is Ujung Kulon National Park located in Banten, which was recognized as a protected heritage site by UNESCO in 1991. With an area of 122,956 ha, this national park area is used as a conservation location for several rare animals such as the Javan Rhino, Javan Gibbon, Forest Dog and Surili.
8. Lorentz National Park, Papua
The largest National Park in Southeast Asia is located in Papua. With an area of 2.4 million hectares, Lorentz National Park has never been mapped.
Even so, the beauty of this park can be seen from the abundance of flora and fauna that grow around it. The flora and fauna that grow so beautifully in the National Park is also called a wonder of the world.
This park has also been recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site in 1999, whose goal is to protect the environment from poaching, illegal logging, and polluting pollution.
That’s 8 UNESCO-recognized tourist attractions in Indonesia as a world heritage site. Worth a visit as a vacation destination, which one do you want to visit first, Bela?
Also Read: Create a Travel Wish-list, These Are the Domestic Destinations You Must Visit
Read also: 7 Natural Tourism Destinations in Banten that are Still Rarely Touched by Humans
Also Read: No Need to Go to Yogya, This Restaurant Sells Delicious Gudeg in Jadetabek