Indonesia is one of the countries with cultural and artistic diversity as well as history that deserves to be studied. In fact, people from abroad are curious about the uniqueness of Indonesia. No wonder there are so many cultural attractions in Indonesia which are visited by tourists from all over the world. Here are some lists.
1. Tanah Lot Temple, Bali
Tanah Lot Temple is one of the cultural tourism destinations in Bali which is always crowded with tourists, both local and foreign. In this place there are two temples that are on a large rock. The two temples are sea temples which are used as places of worship for the guardian god of the sea.
Apart from being a beautiful temple, tourists who come here also like the natural panorama. There, the waves are so big and if they hit a rock, the obak will split very beautifully. Many tourists also come with the aim of enjoying the sunset (sunset).
The location of Tanah Lot Temple is in Beraban, Kediri, Tabanan Bali. From the center of Tabanan City, the location is about 13 kilometers to the south. There is also the Odalan Culture which is commemorated every 210 days by the local community.
2. Borobudur Temple, Central Java
Borobudur is a Buddhist temple in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. This temple is in the form of a stupa and is historically built by Mahayana Buddhists in the 8th century AD.
Borobudur is a Buddhist masterpiece in Indonesia with a magnificent and understated architectural technique on the island of Java. There, tourists can see the local richness of the megalithic punden terraces.
This building has become a Unesco World Heritage Site and was once one of the 7 wonders of the world. Apart from being a tourist place, Borobudur Temple is still often used as a place of religious pilgrimage. One of them is to commemorate Trisuci Day.
3. Prambanan Temple, Sleman
Prambanam Temple is also known as Roro Jonggrang Temple. This temple is also popular, just like Borobudur Temple. The Prambanan tourist destination was built in the 9th century AD. The location is in Prambanan, Sleman, exactly 17 kilometers from the center of Yogyakarta.
Prambanan Temple is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Prambanan Temple is also proclaimed as the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia. In the international arena, this temple is proclaimed as the grandest temple in Southeast Asia.
Currently Prambanan Temple is increasingly easy to reach, even by public transportation. The location is on the side of the main road and very easy to get to.
4. Uluwatu Temple, Bali
Pura Luhur Uluwatu in Bali is one of the most famous temples and is visited by many tourists. This temple is located on the southwest tip of the island of Bali and stands on a high rock platform. This temple is directly adjacent to the sea.
This temple is a type of Sad Kayangan Temple which is believed to be a buffer from the 9 winds by the Hindu community in Bali. The location is there in Pecatu Village, Kuta District, Badung, Bali.
Apart from the temple, this location has become popular because underneath there is Pecatu Beach which has big waves and is often used as a world-class surfing location.
5. Tirta Gangga Palace, Bali
Tirta Gangga Palace is actually a former royal palace like Taman Sari water castle in Yogyakarta. The location is in the eastern part of the island of Bali, which is 5 kilometers from Karangasem Bali.
Tirta Gangga became famous and very popular because this water palace is one of the water parks owned by the Karangasem Kingdom. Many tourists come to learn history.
At the Tirta Gangga ink Water Palace, tourists can see a maze of ponds and fountains surrounded by lush gardens and plants. There is also a sculpture composition that fits perfectly with the water.
6. The USS Liberty Shipwreck, Bali
The USS Liberty Shipwreck in Bali is actually a warship due to World War II that sank in 1942. The waters around this shipwreck eventually became popular and attracted the attention of tourists because it was overgrown with colorful corals.
This waeni color coral is home to many marine life. This beauty is quite unique and has a high historical value. So many tourists stop by and try to dive there.
The corals on this shipwreck are visited by many divers from abroad who are curious about the wreck and the beauty of its marine life. How, interested in learning history under the sea? Just try to come there.
7. Baiturrahman Grand Mosque, Banda Aceh
One of the cultural tourism is religious tourism. And speaking of the religion of Islam in Indonesia, perhaps Aceh is the strongest in practicing Islam. One of the phenomenal religious tourism in Aceh is the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque.
Actually this mosque is the mosque of the Sultanate of Aceh which was built in 1022 AD by Sultan Iskandar Muda Mahkota Alam. This magnificent building is a miniature of the Taj Mahal. The location is in the center of Banda Aceh.
As a historical place, the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is used as a tourist spot that has beautiful architectural beauty with interesting carvings and a large yard. This mosque is also a silent witness to the devastating Aceh tsunami that still stands tall.
8. Tirta Empul Temple, Bali
Tirta Empul Temple, which is located in Bali, is a Hindu temple. The exact location is in Tampaksiring District, Gianyar Regency, Bali.
This temple is famous for its holy water. This holy water is used by Hindus seeking self-purification.
This temple was built in 962 AD, namely during the Warmadewa dynasty. On the left side of the temple there is a modern villa. Initially the ink villa was built for the visit of President Soekarno which was planned to take place in 1954. Now this villa is used as a resting location for guests or important people.
9. Besakih Temple, Bali
Besakih Temple is a temple complex which is the center of all temples in Bali. The location is in Besakih Village, Rendang District, Karangasem Regency, Bali.
Among the many temples in the Besakih Temple complex, there is one largest, namely Penataran Agung Temple. Penataran Agung Temple is the center of the temple in the entire Besakih Temple complex.
Besides being used as a place of worship, Besakih Temple is used as a tourist attraction. Currently this location is being proposed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site because it is quite popular and visited by many tourists from all over the world.
10. Maimun Palace, Medan
Maimun Palace is a Deliyang Sultanate Palace in Medan. This palace is also a tourist icon in Medan which is quite popular.
The building of this palace is designed based on the style of Italian architecture. The initiator of the construction of this palace was the Sultan of Deli, namely Sultan Mahmud Al Rasyid in 1891 AD.
The building area has an area of about 2,772 square meters. The palace consists of 30 rooms which are divided into 2 floors. There are 3 parts of this palace, namely the main building, the left wing building, and the right wing building. This building combines many elements of culture, namely Malay (Islam), Spanish, Italian, and Indian.
11. Beautiful Indonesia Miniature Park, Jakarta
TMII aka Taman Mini Indonesia Indah is located in the eastern area of Jakarta. TMII is a miniature of Indonesia, complete and complete with all the platforms from each province. Most of the tourists who come are local tourists.
Traveling to TMII can be one of the right ways to practically learn about cultures from all over Indonesia. Through the miniatures provided, tourists can learn about historical relics, houses and traditional clothing, as well as some typical objects of the tribes in Indonesia.
In addition, in the TMII area there are also several museums that can be visited. The museum stores historical objects from all over Indonesia.
12. Yogyakarta Palace, Yogyakarta
The Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate Palace or commonly known as the Yogyakarta Palace is the center of the Javanese culture museum, to be precise in the Special Region of Yogyakarta.
The palace is not only the residence of the Sultan and his family, but has also been a place for cultural tourism for the Javanese in Yogyakarta which has been preserved until today. The Yogyakarta Palace has even become the main tourist destination for Jogja tourists.
Tourists who come there can learn and see firsthand about Javanese culture and the history of the Yogyakarta Palace from the past to the present day. The Yogyakarta Palace was established in 1755, after the Giyanti agreement was ratified.
13. Baliem Valley Festival, Papua
This festival is an annual festival typical of the Papuan tribe. The Baliem Valley Festival is taken from the beliefs held by local tribes. One belief that is believed is that war is not only a conflict to fight for interests and power, but also a symbol of prosperity and fertility.
This of course contradicts the mission of peace. Therefore, for the past 20 years or so, the local government has provided socialization to the surrounding community about inter-tribal peace.
Then the Baliem Valley Festival was opened. The goal is to replace war between tribes, so that the rituals of war in the interior can turn into a unique and beautiful art.
14. Krakatoa Festival, Lampung
The Krakatau Festival is an annual festival held in Lampung. As the name suggests, the Krakatau Festival is held to commemorate or appreciate the famous volcanic island to foreign countries, namely Krakatau Island.
During the festival, tourists can enjoy various local performances. One of the famous performances from Lampung is the Lampung Mask Carnival and the elephant attraction from Way Kambas.
If you want to be able to see this festival, do your research before leaving. Usually the festival is held between July and October every year.
15. Toraja, Tana Toraja
Tana Toraja Regency is an area located in South Sulawesi Province. Tana Toraja has long been a unique tourist destination in Indonesia.
Tourists who come are not only local tourists, but also international tourists who are curious about traditional traditions, traditional architecture, to traditional Toraja ceremonies.
Tana Toraja is inhabited by the Toraja Tribe who inhabits mountainous areas. They maintain a distinctive lifestyle. In fact, they also still adhere to the Austronesian lifestyle which is close to nature.
In addition, there are also several other well-known and popular cultural tours in Indonesia, such as:
- Mount Bromowith the rich culture of the Tenggerese people who still often carry out traditional rituals to this day.
- Komodo islandwith a distinctive Indonesian wealth in the form of dragon species that only exist in Indonesia.
- Lawang Sewuwhich is a relic of the Dutch colonial government and exists to this day.
- Jakarta Old Townwhich is an ancient city area with many museums and Dutch colonial buildings.
- Pilgrimage of the saintswhich are spread evenly throughout the island of Java.
These are some of the cultural attractions in Indonesia which are spread evenly throughout the archipelago and can be visited by tourists from all over the world. Hope it is useful.