Yogyakarta is a very complete tourist city. We can enjoy various types of tourist attractions in Jogja. We can enjoy the beauty of the stunning beaches, to the beauty of the mountains which are no less beautiful. However, Jogja has other tours that are also no less weighty when compared to natural tourism. There are so many tours of old buildings or buildings in Jogja. if you are interested, there are some old buildings and buildings that we can visit such as
1. Fort Baluwerti
The fort itself was founded in 1785. The initiator of the construction of this fort was Prince Adipati Anom who was the son of Sultan Hamengku Buwono I. The main reason for the construction of this fort itself was to protect the scope of the Kraton Jogja from Dutch attacks at that time.
This is because the Dutch had already built a fort that was right opposite the Kraton. The shape of the fort itself is a square that is quite wide and with a very thick wall thickness. The construction of this fort was completed by Prince Adipati Anom when he ascended the throne at Kraton Jogja and held the title Sultan Hamengku Buwono II.
Along with the development of the era, the fort itself underwent many changes in form and function. Many parts have been lost and damaged. Some parts we can still enjoy today. One part of the Baluwerti Fort that is still intact is Plengkung Nirboyo or commonly called Plengkung Gadhing. This fort itself can be said to be one of the cultural tourism sites in Yogyakarta.
2. Fort Vredeburg
This one location is a tourist destination that many people already know. This place itself has now been converted into a museum which is quite famous in Jogja. The fort itself was first built in 1760. In the early days of its construction, the fort was very simple.
It only consists of palm wood etc. However, as the construction progressed, the fort was perfected and named Fort Rustenburg. The change of the name of this fort to Vredeburg fort itself occurred approximately in 1816. This name change was due to the good relationship between the Dutch and the Kraton.
The function of this fort itself had changed during the Japanese occupation and the National Movement. This fort had become the center point of the TKR movement in the Jogja area at that time.
3. Hotel Inna Garuda
This hotel, which is located on Jalan Malioboro, is one of the legendary hotels in Jogja. The existence of this hotel cannot be separated from the history of the development of Jogja itself. The hotel itself was built in 1908 by the Dutch government. At the beginning of its construction the hotel itself was named “Grand Hotel de Djogja”.
As the development of this hotel itself had changed its name. The number of names that have been carried by this hotel itself is approximately 6 names.
One of the names that this hotel has ever carried is Hotel Asahi during the Japanese occupation of Yogyakarta. Then it was also the Merdeka Hotel when Indonesia was just entering independence for the first time.
4. The Great Commander General Sudirman Sasmitaloka Museum
The museum, which is located on Jalan Bintaran Wetan, is a silent witness to General Sudirman’s struggle. This pyramid-shaped building was once the official residence of General Sudirman while he was in Jogja. As one of the old buildings in Jogja, this place has a very high historical value. It was in this house that Pangsar managed every movement of the TKR in Jogjakarta and Central Java.
Before becoming the residence of General Sudirman, this building was originally the residence of a finance officer at Paku Alaman Temple. During the Japanese colonial period this building became an abandoned and empty building. This is because all the furniture in this building has been confiscated by the Japanese. However, after the independence period this place became the home of General Sudirman. After he was appointed Commander in Chief.
5. Beringharjo Market
This market is one of the tourist attractions in Jogja, close to Malioboro. This market itself cannot be separated from the history of the establishment of the Yogyakarta palace. Many say that this market is the oldest market in Yogyakarta.
This is because the establishment of this market coincided with the establishment of the Kraton Jogja itself. Since its inception, this market has been the center of the economic cycle in the city of Jogja.
In addition to being a historical tourist spot that has a fairly large historical value. This market itself also functions as a shopping destination in Jogja. If we look further, we will find that the building form of this market is a combination of Dutch and Javanese style buildings. This market itself is still functioning today and has become one of the tourist destinations in the Jogja area.
This area is located in the Malioboro area which we often pass. In this area we can find a lot of old buildings that have a fairly thick aura of Chinese fashion. Since the first time this area was established, it has become a trade center for the Chinese who came to Jogja.
The selection of this area was not without purpose at that time. The location of the Chinatown area which is quite close to the Beringharjo market area is intended so that the Beringharjo market can also develop.
The Kraton at that time wanted the influence of Chinese trade to also affect the economy in the Beringharjo market. However, unfortunately this area is now an area that is slightly marginalized by various kinds of developments in the city of Jogja and Malioboro.
7. Grand Building
This building will be very easy to find by the public. This one building is located right in front of the Vredeburg fort. The building itself was first established in 1824. The initial function of this place was as a residence for residents in Jogja.
This is because the residents do not want to feel defeated by the palace which has a magnificent palace. Based on these reasons then this building was built.
This building itself was renovated in 1867 as a result of the earthquake that shook Yogyakarta at that time. During the independence period, this building became the presidential palace and became the residence of Bung Karno when Jogja was the capital of Indonesia at that time.
8. Madukismo Sugar Factory
This building itself was founded in 1955 and is still standing today. This factory itself is arguably the oldest sugar factory in Yogyakarta. This factory itself is one of the tourist attractions in Bantul.
This factory itself was severely damaged during the war with the Dutch in the Jogja area. However, by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX this place was renovated and repaired. The factory itself is still operating until now.
So if we visit, we can still find various activities related to sugar cane milling at this factory.
Apart from producing sugar, the factory itself also produces other things, such as spirits. The opening of this place as a tourist location is intended to add tourist destinations in Jogja. the facilities here are also very complete. it’s best to come here during the grinding season because it will be even more crowded.
9. Sari garden
This place is a very important part of the Kraton Jogja. The building itself began to be built in 1758. The location of this sari garden was often used by the Kraton family to bathe and unwind at that time. The total area of the building itself is 10 hectares.
However, along with the times, many parts of the Taman Sari complex have been damaged and have changed their function. However, we can still enjoy the main building of this area which is a very clear pool of water. There is a theory that says that apart from being a resting place for the royal family. This place also serves as protection if the palace is invaded by the enemy.
In addition to the examples of buildings above, there are several other old buildings that are worth visiting, such as
- Yogyakarta Palace
- Sonobudoyo Museum
- Kauman Grand Mosque
- Monument Station
Well, that was an old building in Jogja that has a lot of historical value. The number of historic old buildings in the Jogja area itself proves that this city is one of the cities that has a lot of history that cannot be erased. By visiting this location at least we also learn and preserve the history of Jogja. Hopefully the information is useful